TiC Reinforced Steel Matrix Composite Layers Produced by Laser Surface Alloying
In the present work, laser surface alloying of H13 tool steel by using TiC has been performed by means of DHPDL (Direct high power diode laser). Different layers were produced by varying laser beam power and powder feeding rate. Several alloying degrees were obtained depending on the laser parameters employed. Laser surface alloyed layers were analyzed by using optical and scanning electron microscopy. Wear resistance was evaluated through pin-on-disk tests at room temperature. In general, it was observed that dilution of TiC powders into the molten H13 substrate decreased as the powder-feeding rate increased and particles size of the titanium carbide precipitates was larger for the higher feeding rates. Wear measurements showed lower values for the wear resistance coefficient of laser alloying layers produced at higher values of the powder injection (feeding) rate. Analysis of the wear surface track was conducted and the specific contribution of the microstructural features on the wear coefficient was assessed. Thus, it was found that larger particles sizes and particle contents protected the martensitic and dendritic steel matrix from being deeply worn. Lower TiC contents in the alloyed layer gave rise to a higher contribution of the plastic deformation in the wear track.
Ch. Linsmeier and M. Reinelt
A. Fernández-Vicente et al., "TiC Reinforced Steel Matrix Composite Layers Produced by Laser Surface Alloying", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 59, pp. 55-61, 2009