Use of Hydraulic Network Model for Evaluating Fire Flow Capacity of a Water Distribution Network
A WaterCAD hydraulic network model of the existing Ikpoba Hill Benin City water distribution system was constructed and calibrated for steady state simulation studies using the network’s physical, operational and calibration data. The model was then used for available fire flow analysis and system improvement design. Our study reveals that the existing network has available fire flow of O l/s and hence cannot provide needed flow for fire suppression. However, the proposed improved network with increased diameters of existing pipes and which also takes into account expected future growth has available fire flow of between 29.6l/s and 40l/s at the nodes in the network.On the basis of available fire flow at the nodes in the system, hydrant tagging, numbering and colour coding which can effectively increase the fire fighting ability of the fire department can be undertaken.
Prof. A.O. Akii Ibhadode, A.I. Igbafe and B.U. Anyata
O.C. Izinyon and B.U. Anyata, "Use of Hydraulic Network Model for Evaluating Fire Flow Capacity of a Water Distribution Network", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 62-64, pp. 797-801, 2009