A Comparative Study on Process-Properties Correlation of Nano Radar Absorbing Heat Treated Materials
Single phase M-type barium hexaferrite nano radar absorbing material (NRAM) i.e., BaFe12O19 were synthesized by modified flux method that combines the controlled chemical co-precipitation process for nucleation and complete uniform growth during annealing with NaCl flux under microwave annealing (MWA) and vacuum annealing (VA). Uniform morphological transformation of nano crystals from spherical (~ 10 nm) to prism faces (~ 35 nm) were observed under TEM during annealing. The effect of such systematic nano morphological transformation of NRAM was observed on magnetic and reflection loss (RL) properties. Maximum reflection loss (RL) was improved to 37.15 dB at 16.00 GHz for MWA at 760 watt and 27.56 dB at 15.75 GHz for VA at 1200 oC with continuous increasing absorption range under −10 dB for 2 mm thick coating layer in the Ku Band (12.4-18.0 GHz).. Excellent microwave absorption properties are a consequence of accurate EM match in the nano morphological planes, a strong natural resonance, as well as multipolarization. This process of crystal growth, morphology evolution and RL enhancement with respect to the heat treatments were also explained in terms of Ostwald ripening and quantum size effect.
S. Ray, S.K. Nath, A. Kumar, R.C. Agarwala, V. Agarwala, G.P. Chaudhari, B.S.S. Daniel
R. Sharma et al., "A Comparative Study on Process-Properties Correlation of Nano Radar Absorbing Heat Treated Materials", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 67, pp. 39-44, 2009