Catalyst Assisted Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes Using the V-Shaped Pyrolysis Flame Method
Flames offer potential for synthesis of carbon nanotubes(CNTs) in large quantities at considerably lower costs than that of other methods currently available. Synthesis CNTs from V-shaped pyrolysis flame is a kind of novel technique. This study aims to examine conditions for CNTs formation in V-shaped pyrolysis flame. Synthesis inner the V-shaped body and providing heat outer is distinct characteristic in the method. A premixed carbon monoxide/hydrogen gas diluted by helium gas flow was introduced into V-shaped body bottom centre. Simultaneously, as catalyst precursor, pentacarbonyl iron was entrained after ultrasonic atomization into the central pipe by helium gas flow. The rich acetylene/air premixed gas, providing heat source, was introduced into V-shaped body outside surface. Scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy images of the carbon products were examined. Large quantities of CNTs with the less carbon impurities were formed in the process. Carbon nanotubes can grow well when the sampling time was 5 minutes.A nanotube formation ‘window’ is evident with formation limited to fuel equivalence ratios between 1.6 and 1.8. Furthermore, temperature range was from 850°C to 950°C.Nanoparticles associated with nanotube bundles were identified as primarily ferric oxide.
Yansheng Yin and Xin Wang
Y. C. Liu et al., "Catalyst Assisted Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes Using the V-Shaped Pyrolysis Flame Method", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 79-82, pp. 2123-2126, 2009