In this paper, the in-situ exposure tests of 15 kinds of copper and its alloys were carried out in seawater at Zhanjiang Harbor for 12 months in order to study their anti-fouling abilities and anti-corrosion properties. In the same way, the in-situ anti-fouling tests of copper and bronze were performed in Qingdao for 8 years. Successively, the anti-fouling properties were analyzed combining with the electrochemical process of copper alloy corrosion and biology process of the adhesion. The chemical, physical and biological factors influencing the fouling properties of copper alloys were also investigated. The results showed that the coppers can equip themselves with antifouling performance by producing some toxic substances during the processes of chemical and electrochemical reaction. In addition, the antifouling ability was proved to relate to the exfoliation effect, which was the result of interaction between stain layer adhesion and spalling force of the attachments.