Failures of Chemical Injection Points in Upstream Facilities
Chemicals play an important role in the enhancement of oil and gas production and processing. They control corrosion, prevent organic and inorganic deposits, aid in phase separation and control microbial problems. Several factors can have significant impact on the safety, maintenance, operation, and service life of the chemical injection point. Failures encountered in the high pressure retrievable chemical injection points are presented. This paper also provides guidelines for materials selection and design of chemical injection points in upstream facilities.
M. S. J. Hashmi, B. S. Yilbas and S. Naher
A.S. Al-Omari et al., "Failures of Chemical Injection Points in Upstream Facilities", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 83-86, pp. 579-591, 2010