Effect of Catfish Bone Paste on the Properties of Steamed Bread
The objective of this study was to examine the effect of different levels of catfish bone paste to flour on the physicochemical, textural and crumb structure properties of steamed bread. Six different levels (0, 1, 3, 5, 7,10 %) of catfish bone paste to flour were used in the formulation of the steamed bread. The results showed that the weight loss and TTA of steamed bread decreased with an increase in the levels of the catfish bone paste. On the other hand, the pH increased with an increase in the levels of the catfish bone paste. The specific volume, hardness, chewiness and gas cell structure in the crumb of steamed bread with catfish bone paste at 5% supplementation level were better. Thus, a value of 5% catfish bone paste was considered a better level for incorporation into the steamed bread.
Jianmin Zeng, Jiahao Li and Hongxi Zhu
X. Q. Ren et al., "Effect of Catfish Bone Paste on the Properties of Steamed Bread", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 881-883, pp. 757-760, 2014