Role of Dilatometer in Designing New Bainitic Steels
Dilatometric measurements were used to design the processing parameters of two types of bainitic steels. The first type is a hypoeutectoid ultra fine bainite steel, for which the dilatometer was used to locate the temperature at which cementite is completely dissolved during intercritical annealing (TC). The intercritical annealing temperatures are then selected will above TC. To obtain the martensite start temperatures (MS), the steel is quenched to the room temperature (RT) from these selected temperatures and then the bainite transformation temperatures were selected to be well above MS. The dilatometer was then used to monitor the bainite transformation kinetics from which the required time frames for cessation of the bainitic reactions were estimated. In the second type, bimodal bainite had been produced in thermo-mechanically processed TRIP-steel. A deformation dilatometer is used to perform three deformation-steps before slow cooling to form approx. 30% polygonal ferrite. The material was then rapidly cooled to the first bainite formation temperature. During this step, the dilatometer was used to monitor the bainite reaction from which the required time for 50% decomposition of austenite is estimated. The martensite start of the undecomposed austenite was located by quenching to RT. The second bainite transformation step was then performed well above the new MSII to form a second generation of finer bainite.
T. Chandra, N. Wanderka, W. Reimers , M. Ionescu
M. Soliman et al., "Role of Dilatometer in Designing New Bainitic Steels", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 89-91, pp. 35-40, 2010