Novel single-crystalline SnO2 zigzag nanoribbons have been successfully synthesized by chemical vapour deposition. Sn powder in a ceramic boat covered with Si plates was heated at 1100°C in a flowing argon atmosphere to get deposits on a Si wafers. The main part of deposits is SnO2 zigzag nanoribbons. They were characterized by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and selected-area electron diffraction (SAED). SEM observations reveal that the SnO2 zigzag nanoribbons are almost uniform, with lengths near to several hundred micrometers and have a good periodically tuned microstructure as the same zigzag angle and growth directions. Possible growth mechanism of these zigzag nanoribbons was discussed. A room temperature PL spectrum of the zigzag nanoribbons shows three peaks at 373nm, 421nm and 477nm.The novel zigzag microstructures will provide a new candidate for potential application.