A Study of the Platinum/Alumina Interface
Single crystal sapphire in one of four orientations (0001), (11 2 0), (1102) and (1010) was bonded to polycrystalline platinum foil at 1330oC under light load 20 N (0.8 MPa) in argon. The different orientations were used as a means to model individual grains within a polycrystal without the uncertain influence of grain boundaries and glass-forming contamination (e.g. SiO2). Partial bonding was observed in all cases. Optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used to study the nature of the bond which appears to be physical rather than chemical, in agreement with previous work.
K. P. Suppel et al., "A Study of the Platinum/Alumina Interface", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 45, pp. 1417-1422, 2006