Characteristics of (1-y)[(Na0.5Bi0.5)1-xBax]O3-yBa(Cu1/2W1/2)O3 Ceramics Prepared by Hydrothermal Synthesis Route
(Na0.5Bi0.5)TiO3 (Abbreviated to BNT) was synthesized by hydrothermal process and the average gain size was 15 nm with narrow size distribution. Pure perovskite structure of BNT particles was identified by XRD analysis. The nanoscale BNT powder was selected as raw material to fabricate BNT based ceramics with BaTiO3 (Abbreviated to BT) and Ba(Cu0.5W0.5)O3 (Abbreviated to BCW) doping. SEM images show that the ceramic using nanoscale BNT powder as raw material has a high dense body with the average gain size from 0.5 μm to 1 μm. The experimental results show that with increasing amount of BCW, d33 and Kp of (0.94-x)BNT-0.06BT-xBCW increase initially, then reach the maximum values of 130 pC/N and 0.32 when 5mol% of BCW was added. Further increasing amount of BCW leads to decreasing d33 and Kp. The optimal piezoelectric and dielectric properties were obtained as d33 = 130 pC/N, Kp = 0.32, εr = 800, tgδ = 0.06.
D. X. Zhou et al., "Characteristics of (1-y)[(Na0.5Bi0.5)1-xBax]O3-yBa(Cu1/2W1/2)O3 Ceramics Prepared by Hydrothermal Synthesis Route", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 45, pp. 2472-2476, 2006