Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) is an important and growing field in civil engineering. The goal of SHM techniques is to identify, quantify and locate damage in structures. In light of the aging infrastructure and recent failures of important bridges, long-term monitoring techniques are being increasing investigated and adopted. In addition to SHM, structural control (SC) is increasingly adopted in modern structures around the world. In the past two decades a number of SC techniques, including, passive, semi-active, and active control methods have been developed and adopted in civil engineering–particularly, in infrastructure such as important tall buildings, critical facilities, and long span bridges. Both SHM and SC technology face significant challenges due to the size and scale of civil engineering structures. In response of these challenges researchers in the U.S.A and around the world have developed new and innovative techniques.This paper summarizes some of the ongoing research in the U.S.A. in the area of monitoring, damage detection and control in civil engineering structures.