The Potential of Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) Method for the Fabrication on an Industrial Scale of Functionally Graded Materials
Functionally Grated Materials (FGMs) have usually been expected as candidates for a wide variety of industrial applications due to their desirable properties such as high heat resistance capability, good wear resistance, bio-compatibility, chemical stability and so on. Scaling-up and three dimensional (3-D) near-net shape forming technique for FGMs are one of the most important key-factor to produce the industrial engineering components and products in practical use. On the other hand, it is generally well known that the Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) method is a novel process to produce homogeneous FGMs, nano-structural sintered compact, thermoelectric semiconductors and bio-medical materials in shorter sintering time with finer microstructure. This paper will present development of FGMs fabricated by SPS and future prospects of SPS on research and industrialization activities in Japan. A brief historical review progress of SPS technology is also given and the applicable field is exemplified. Then, the paper is focused on manufacturing processes on FGM by SPS technology.
Pietro VINCENZINI, Ralf RIEDEL, Alexander G. MERZHANOV and Chang-Chun GE
M. Tokita "The Potential of Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) Method for the Fabrication on an Industrial Scale of Functionally Graded Materials", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 63, pp. 322-331, 2010