Calculation of Atom Configuration and Characteristic of Vacancy in bcc Lattice of α-Fe
This work is devoted to the simulation of atom configurations in bcc metals near the point defect using the molecular static method. The values of migration and formation volumes are very sensitive to the atomic structure in the vicinity of a defect, which makes it necessary to consider a large number of atoms in the computation cell and to take into account an elastic matrix around the cell. We have developed the new model taking into consideration these factors. It allows defining the “fine structure” of displacement atoms near the point defect. The atoms of third zone were embedded in an elastic continuum. The displacement of each atom embedded in an elastic continuum was defined as the first and the second terms in solution of elastic equation. In the framework of this model we calculated the formation and migration energies and volumes of defect. Also we take into consideration that the energy of system (in particular the system with defect) depends on the external pressure. This dependence gives an addition to the values of migration and formation volumes.
B.S. Bokstein and B.B. Straumal
I. Valikova et al., "Calculation of Atom Configuration and Characteristic of Vacancy in bcc Lattice of α-Fe", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vol. 249, pp. 55-60, 2006