The Effect of TaN Interlayer on the Performance of Pt-Ir Protective Coatings in Glass Molding Process
The glass molding process provides great potential for mass production of precise glass optical components at low cost. The key issue for achieving a low production cost is to extend the service life of the expensive mold inserts. The precious metal based alloy is one of the coating materials for the molds which provides excellent glass anti-sticking results. However, the inter-diffusion between the WC/Co mold materials and precious metal coatings will deteriorate the coatings which needs to be resolved. It is essentially to deposit an interlayer as the diffusion barrier to improve the inter-diffusion problem. A thin layer of TaN was deposited on the WC/Co substrate as the diffusion barrier using a magnetron sputtering system, and followed by the deposition of Pt-Ir layer as the protective layer. Low Tg Glass gobs (L-BAL 42) were placed on the coated substrate to investigate inter-diffusion between the substrate and coating at high temperature. The surface interaction between the glass gobs and protective coatings was also examined. The obtained TaN and Pt-Ir multilayer had a dense nano-crystalline structure. High temperature wetting tests showed that the TaN film could effectively resist the cobalt and tungsten diffusion into the precious metal protective layer and, as a result, minimized the possibility of oxidation and interaction between glass and protective coating. The coated substrates retained a good surface finish and the glass gobs stayed fully transparent after 6 hours reaction test at 700°C.
Andreas Öchsner, Graeme E. Murch, Ali Shokuhfar and João M.P.Q. Delgado
H. H. Chien et al., "The Effect of TaN Interlayer on the Performance of Pt-Ir Protective Coatings in Glass Molding Process", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vols. 297-301, pp. 869-874, 2010