Duplex Stainless Steels: A Dozen of Significant Phase Transformations
During processing or use, duplex stainless steels are subject to a great number of significant phase transformations, such as solidification, partial ferrite transformation to austenite, ferrite eutectoid decomposition to sigma phase plus austenite, chi phase precipitation, chromium carbide precipitation, chromium nitride precipitation, ferrite spinodal decomposition, phase dissolution during solution annealing, forming of two types (epsilon and alpha prime) of strain induced martensite, martensite reversion to austenite, ferrite and austenite recrystallization. This paper summarizes the phase transformations that occur (individually or combined) in duplex stainless steels and presents some new results.
Prof. Andreas Öchsner and Graeme Murch
A. F. Padilha et al., "Duplex Stainless Steels: A Dozen of Significant Phase Transformations", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vol. 322, pp. 163-174, 2012