Study on Cervical Spine Injuries in Vehicle Frontal Impact
The human spinal column is a highly complex and sophisticated system both from an engineering and neurological point of view, and provides a source of biomimetic inspiration for analysis of its function in trauma scenarios. A three-dimensional multi-body model of the 50th percentile male human and discretized neck were built for the study on cervical spine injuries in vehicle frontal impact. The discretized neck includes of cervical spine vertebrae, intervertebral discs, ligaments, and muscles. Following motor front crash evaluations, a finite element vehicle model was propelled straight ahead into a concrete barrier at a speed of 50 km/h. The longitudinal velocity of driver seat was decreased due to the absorbing energy function of the crumple zones. A Hybrid III adult male dummy was seated on a sled, restrained using safety belt, and longitudinal velocity measured from frontal impact was applied to simulate cervical spine injuries. The disk bending loads, interspinous ligament loads and disk shear strain of the cervical spine were analyzed in this paper.
S. W. Zhou et al., "Study on Cervical Spine Injuries in Vehicle Frontal Impact", Journal of Biomimetics, Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering, Vol. 9, pp. 69-80, 2011