Synthesis and Electrical Characterization of Multilayer Thin Films Designed by Layer-by-Layer Self Assembly of Nanoparticles
In this work, we report the directed self organization of multilayer thin film devices with colloidal nanoparticles through Layer-by-Layer (LbL) technique . Self-organization of nanoparticles into assemblies to create novel nanostructures is getting increasing research attention in microelectronics, medical, energy and environmental applications. Directed self-organization of nanoparticles  into multilayer thin films were achieved by LbL growth through the interaction of oppositely charged of colloidal nanoparticles on substrates of any kind and shapes. Multilayer thin film devices were fabricated using multilayers of gold (conducting) nanoparticles separated by a dielectric nanoparticulate layer of zinc sulphide. The thin films obtained have been studied extensively and the changes in surface morphology, the optical absorption characteristics, thickness, uniformity, adhesion, and conduction behavior are reported. Current voltage (I-V) characteristics of multilayer devices with an increasing number of deposition cycles show an initial current blockade until an onset voltage value, which increases linearly upon the additional layers stacked in devices . A conductive behavior of the device was observed upon exceeding the onset voltage. Moreover, I-V behavior showed that the conduction onset voltage increases linearly depending on the numbers of layers in the final device controlled by the deposition cycles. Systematic I-V characteristics in the forward and reverse biased conditions demonstrated rectifying behaviors in the onset of conduction voltage which makes these films attractive for future electronic device applications.
Andreas Öchsner, Irina V. Belova and Graeme E. Murch
S. Promnimit and J. Dutta, "Synthesis and Electrical Characterization of Multilayer Thin Films Designed by Layer-by-Layer Self Assembly of Nanoparticles", Journal of Nano Research, Vol. 11, pp. 1-6, 2010