Effect of Nano-Al2O3 Addition on the Densification of YSZ Electrolytes
This work investigates the effect of nanosized Al2O3 addition on the sinterability of YSZ electrolyte. (1−x)YSZ + Al2O3 ceramics with compositions x = 0 to 0.01 were prepared by the conventional mixed oxide route from a commercial powder suspension (particle size <50 nm), and sintered at 1200 to 1500°C for 2 hours in air. Densification, phase evolution, and microstructure were characterized by SEM/EDS and XRD. An improvement in sintered density was observed for the samples with 0.2 to 0.5 mol% Al2O3, though depending on the sintering temperature. Only cubic zirconia was detected as crystalline phase, although XRD features suggested chemical interactions depending upon the amount of Al2O3. The grain size of YSZ was homogeneous and no second phase segregation was detected in the tested range of incorporated nano-Al2O3 and sintering temperatures.
D. Hotza et al., "Effect of Nano-Al2O3 Addition on the Densification of YSZ Electrolytes", Journal of Nano Research, Vol. 6, pp. 115-122, 2009