The Synthesis, Stability and Shrinkage of Hollow Nanoparticles: An Overview
Recently, there has been a great deal of interest in the properties of hollow nanoparticles for use in advanced technologies. The diffusion phenomenon known as the Kirkendall effect features in one of the important experimental methods of synthesis of hollow binary nanoparticles. Diffusion naturally features prominently in shrinkage mechanisms of hollow nanoparticles. In this paper, we summarize the progress made so far in understanding the formation and shrinkage by diffusion processes of hollow nanoparticles and their apparent stability.
Irina V. Belova, Graeme E. Murch and Andreas Öchsner
I. V. Belova et al., "The Synthesis, Stability and Shrinkage of Hollow Nanoparticles: An Overview", Journal of Nano Research, Vol. 7, pp. 19-26, 2009