Shear strength and fracture behavior of Al2O3 matrix ceramic composite brazed joints to carbon steel with Ag-Cu-Ti brazing alloy in flow argon have been studied by means of SEM, EDX and all-purpose testing machine. Results have shown that there is a close relationship between the shear strength and the fracture form of brazed joints. The fracture occurring completely in the composite near the composite/filler metal interface corresponds to the low strength of a joint, and the strength of the joint fractured partially in the composite usually increases with decreasing the proportion of the composite on the fracture surface in the steel side. When the fracture occurs in the reaction layer between the composite and the filler metal, the closer the fractured position comes to the composite/reaction layer interface, the higher the joint strength. The maximum shear strength is obtained when the fracture occurs fully at the interface.