The Effect of External Electromagnetic Force in Gas Metal Arc Welding on the Transfer Mode
In Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW), electromagnetic force is one of the most important factors that effects the metal transfer, short-circuit rate, spatter generation rate and mechanical properties for welding metal. Shielding gas and welding current have a great influence on metal transfer mode in GMAW. In this paper different ways for external electromagnetic forces are applied by attaching a cylindrically rounded conducting wire solenoid on touch tip holding. It was conformed that the intensities of electromagnetic force and kinds of shielding gases influence on the droplet transfer mode. With the applied electromagnetic field, the arc transfer mode changes from normal mode to rotating mode. The rotating direction changes with the change of electromagnetic current direction. Applied electromagnetic field intensity varied by electromagnetic current influences on the spatter generation rate in CO2 welding. In MIG welding, the influences of electromagnetic force on the spatter generation showed different tendency as in the CO2 welding. This paper is for the purpose of discussing these factors.
Young-Jin Kim, Dong-Ho Bae and Yun-Jae Kim
S.H. Lee et al., "The Effect of External Electromagnetic Force in Gas Metal Arc Welding on the Transfer Mode ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 297-300, pp. 2825-2830, 2005