Porous Bioceramics (Open Cell Foams) Expanded in Vacuum
In this study, porous bioceramics (titanium foam with diamond-like carbon coatings, glass foam and zirconium oxide foam) were produced using expansion in vacuum. The porosity, the pore size and pore morphology can be adjusted in agreement with the application. The different 3D structures were obtained by varying the parameters of the process. The microstructure and morphology of the porous materials were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and optical microscopy. The foam exhibit an open-cell structure with interconnected macropores, which provide the potential for tissue ingrowths and the transport of the body fluids.
Takashi Nakamura, Kimihiro Yamashita and Masashi Neo
E.T. Uzumaki and C.S. Lambert, "Porous Bioceramics (Open Cell Foams) Expanded in Vacuum", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 309-311, pp. 1023-1026, 2006