A Comparative Study Between Dynamic and Static Simulated Body Fluid Methods
In vitro method has often been used in the biodegradation/bioactivity evaluation of bioactive ceramics for its convenience and saving in time and outlay. The simulated body fluid (SBF) suggested by Kokubo was a good simulation of the osteoproduction environment in osseous tissue and has been proved to be a good method to study the bioactivity of biomaterials and the mechanism of bone bonding. But SBF is not a suitable method to research the osteoinduction of biomaterials. The results from SBF were not consistent with that from in vivo in muscle. The local ion concentration is the key factors to affect the nucleation and growth of apatite. In muscle the effect of body fluid flowing on local ion concentration cannot be ignored. A dynamic SBF suggested by these authors of this paper not only simulated the ion concentration of body fluid, but also simulated the effect of body fluid flowing on the local ion concentration near the surface or in biomaterials in muscle. The results from the dynamic SBF were in good agreement with that of the implantation experiments in muscle. The results from dynamic SBF showed that apatite only formed on the walls of macropores of the porous CaP, no apatite formed on the surface of both dense and porous CaP. The new bone only formed on the walls of macropores of porous CaP implanted in muscles, no apatite or osseous tissue could be found on the surfaces of both porous and dense CaP. The dynamic SBF preferably simulated the osteoinduction environment in non-osseous tissue and can be used in osteoinductivity evaluation of bioceramics.
Takashi Nakamura, Kimihiro Yamashita and Masashi Neo
J. Y. Chen et al., "A Comparative Study Between Dynamic and Static Simulated Body Fluid Methods", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 309-311, pp. 271-274, 2006