Bioactive Non-Woven Silica Fabric Made Through Electro-Spinning Method
Non-woven silica fabric was made by electro-spinning method for the application as a bone grafting material. The silica gel, the source material for electro-spinning, was prepared by the hydrolysis of tetraethyl orthosilicate in the presence of water, hydrochloric acid and ethanol. It was transferred to a syringe (spinneret), which was connected to the high voltage supply generating a high electric field between the spinneret and the ground collecting drum. The silica fibers were spun under the electric field of 2 KV/cm. Their diameters were in the range from about 100 nm to 5 µm. After soaking in the SBF for 4 week, low crystalline apatite crystals were observed to occur partly on their surfaces. From the results, it can be concluded that the non-woven silica fabric made by electro-spinning method has the apatite forming ability in the SBF and it means it has a potential to be used as a bone grafting material because of its apatite-forming ability, high surface area to volume ratio and high porosity.
Takashi Nakamura, Kimihiro Yamashita and Masashi Neo
H. Yoon et al., "Bioactive Non-Woven Silica Fabric Made Through Electro-Spinning Method", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 309-311, pp. 465-468, 2006