Properties of Calcium Phosphate Powder Prepared from Phosphoryl Oligosaccharides of Calcium
The phosphoryl oligosaccharides of calcium (POC), extracted from potato starch, are composed of phosphorus oligosaccharides and calcium ions. Ultrafine calcium phosphate particles, whose main phase was hydroxyapatite (Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2: HAp), could be prepared through the hydrothermal treatment of POC solution at a temperature between 110 and 130°C; X-ray diffraction indicated the crystallinity of HAp in the resulting powder to be poor and similar to that of living bone. The present HAp powder was regarded to be calcium deficient carbonate apatite with the OH- group being partly substituted by a carbonate (CO3 2-) group. The solubility of the resulting powder in dilute hydrochloric acid was higher compared to that of commercially available HAp, suggesting excellent bioabsorbability for the present powder.
Takashi Nakamura, Kimihiro Yamashita and Masashi Neo
T. Umeda et al., "Properties of Calcium Phosphate Powder Prepared from Phosphoryl Oligosaccharides of Calcium ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 309-311, pp. 515-518, 2006