Engineering Plasticity and Its Applications

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Authors: Seok Bong Kim, Hoon Huh, Sung Ho Park, Ji Ho Lim
Abstract: This paper investigates the dynamic tensile characteristics of TRIP600, TRIP800, DP600 and DP800 at the range of strain rate from 0.003 to 200/s. The tensile test acquires stress−strain curves and the strain rate sensitivity of each material. Experimental results show two important aspects for TRIP-type and DP-type sheets quantitatively: the flow stress increases as the strain rate increases; the elongation is not a monotonic function of the strain rate and increases at the same level of the strain rate even when the strain rate increases. In order to investigate the pre-strain effect for two types of metals at the high strain rate, TRIP600 and DP600 were elongated with the pre-strain of 5 and 10% at the strain rate of 0.003/s. Then, dynamic tensile tests were carried out at the strain rate of 0.003, 1, 10 and 100/s. The results demonstrate that the material properties of TRIP600 and DP600 are noticeably influenced by the pre-strain when the strain rate was over 1/s. The ultimate tensile strength as well as the yield stress increases due to the pre-strain effect.
Authors: Guo Yun Lu, Shan Yuan Zhang
Abstract: Some experimental results of the free-free tubes laterally impacted by the missile were given and the finite element program LS-DYNA was used to simulate this dynamic response process. The instantaneous deformation of the circular shell given by experiments and computer simulation were compared and discussed. It can be seen that when the impact occur the local dents firstly appear at the beginning of impact. With time increase, the depth of the dents increase, the scope of the deformation of the tube wall is enlarged; the total stiffness of the cross-section of the tube is weaken and decreases at the impact point, the beam-like bending deformation take place and the rigid-body translations occur. Through the computer simulation the exchanged energy between the missile and the tube were acquired. The impact energy of the missile is transferred to internal energy and kinetic energy of the tube. The ratio of the internal energy with the kinetic energy of the tube is great for the weakness rigidity of the tube wall, which is opposite to that of a free-free beam. This research made us deeply understand the character of the response when studying the elastic-plastic behavior of the free circular shell under intense dynamic loading.
Authors: Gui Tong Yang, Gui Ying Wu, Nian Mei Zhang
Abstract: The counterintuitive phenomena of elastic, perfectly plastic beam, circular plate and square plate are investigated numerically and experimentally. The unsteady areas and uncertainty of response are observed numerically. At the end, the law of thermodynamics and the theorem of Lyapunov instability are employed to state the formation mechanism of counterintuitive behavior.
Authors: Ai Lan Che, Xiu Run Ge, Takahiro Iwatate
Abstract: An urgent is needed on the preservation of Chinese architectural heritages, since environmental and time impacts have been abating their structural resistance capability. It is of great importance in protecting and rehabilitating the ancient architectural culture of China to study the structural characteristics of ancient Chinese timber architectures. As a typical example of ancient timber architectures-Yingxian Wooden Pagoda in west of Shanxi Prince, the dynamic characteristics and damage mechanics of the tower are investigated experimentally and numerically by micro tremor measurements and means of finite-element-method (FEM). The micro tremor measurements are conducted on the tower (each floor) and the surrounding ground. From the micro tremor observation data, the predominant frequency of the surface ground and natural frequency, vibration mode and the damage distribution characteristics of the tower were evaluated. Based on the experimental studies, the tower is created by a delicate finite element model. And in order to simulate the mortise and tenon joint---bucket arches in the structure, which is a combination of a series of timber structures, a special beam-element group is developed. Numerical simulation of the seismic response of the tower shows that the second and third floors of the tower would be damaged more seriously than other floors for their severe stresses when acted by seismic loading. The present analysis of the tower shows the same phenomena. The results provide basis for repairing and reinforcing the ancient timber tower.
Authors: Jung Han Song, Hoon Huh
Abstract: The dynamic response of the turbine blade materials is indispensable for analysis of erosions of turbine blades as a result of impulsive loading associated with gas flow. This paper is concerned with the dynamic material properties of the Inconel 718 alloy which is widely used in the high speed turbine blade. The dynamic response at the corresponding level of the strain rate should be acquired with an adequate experimental technique and apparatus due to the inertia effect and the stress wave propagation. In this paper, the dynamic response of the Inconel 718 at the intermediate strain rate ranged from 1/s to 400/s is obtained from the high speed tensile test and that at the high strain rate above 1000/s is obtained from the split Hopkinson pressure bar test. The effects of the strain rate on the dynamic flow stress, the strain rate sensitivity and the failure elongation are evaluated with the experimental results. Experimental results from both the quasi-static and the high strain rate up to 3000/s are interpolated in order to construct the constitutive relation that should be applied to simulate the dynamic behavior of the turbine blade made of the Inconel 718.
Authors: Hui Lan Ren, Ping Li
Abstract: The dynamic response of polycrystalline alumina were investigated in the pressure range of 0-13Gpa by planar impact experiments. Manganin gauges were employed to obtain the stress-time histories. From the free surface particle velocity profiles indicate the dispersion of the “plastic” wave for alumina. Using path line principle of Lagrange Analysis the dynamic mechanical behaviors for alumina under impact loading are analyzed, such as nonlinear, strain rate dependence, dispersion and declination of shock wave in the material. A damage model applicable to ceramics subjected to dynamic compressive loading is developed. The model is based on the damage micromechanics and established on wing crack nucleation and growth. The results of the dynamic damage evolution model are compared to the experimental results and a good correlation is obtained.
Authors: Xiao Wei Chen, Fang Ju Zhang, Bin Liang, Ruo Ze Xie, Ai Ming Xu
Abstract: For researching the terminal ballistic effect of the Fragment Simulation Projectile (FSP), the experiments that A3 steel cylindrical projectiles of 25mm diameter impacting 45 steel plates are conducted. The intensity of A3 steel is less than that of 45 steel. In the velocity ranges of 200m/s~ 800m/s, Taylor impact, petal-cap failure of Sunflower alike and plugging perforation are observed, respectively. Complicated material failures of projectile and target conflict with the various penetration mechanisms.
Authors: Peter B. Béda
Abstract: This paper studies Portevin-Le Chatelier (PLC) effect as a form of dynamic material instability. In such phenomenon negative rate dependence is coupled with the appearance of a selfsustained oscillatory behavior in solid bodies. The tools of the investigation are of the theory of dynamical system. By selecting a proper form of the constitutive equation of the rate dependent material, a dynamical system will be constructed from the basic equations of continua. Then the birth of a self-sustained oscillation is detected at the conditions of a dynamic material instability mode. This results show an interpretation of PLC as a flutter type of loss of material stability.
Authors: Guan Wei Luo, Yan Long Zhang, Hui Ming Yao
Abstract: A mathematical model is developed to describe the characteristic behavior of a small vibro-impact pile driver. Dynamics of the small vibro-impact pile driver is represented by a three-dimensional map. The map is of piecewise property due to synchronous and non-synchronous motion of the driver and pile immediately after the plastic impact, and singularities caused by grazing contact of the driver and pile. The pile driver exhibits two different types of single-impact periodic motions in different regions of the forcing frequency due to the plastic impacts. Transition of two types of single-impact periodic motions is demonstrated, and the influence of the piecewise property, singularities and various parameters on the performance of the pile driver is analyzed.
Authors: Tsutomu Umeda, Koji Mimura, Masaki Makino
Abstract: The high measurement accuracy in dynamic tension testing is required for designs and numerical simulations based on the accurate modeling of stress-strain relations at various strain-rates. The non-coaxial Hopkinson bar method (NCHBM) is one of the recently proposed methods for dynamic tension tests. In this study, the accuracy of the stress-strain relations obtained on the basis of NCHBM was investigated by the analysis based on FEM and by experiment. The FE models of NCHBM apparatus and plate-type specimens of various dimensions were made in detail. The target materials employed in this study were mild steel and SUS316 stainless steel. The effects of the rising, the dimensions of specimen, and the strain rate were examined systematically. The results calculated for the specimens of SUS316 were compared with those obtained by experiment. At last, the improving methods of the specimen fixation were proposed.

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