Variation of Material Properties of Piezoelectric Ceramics due to Electric Loading Evaluated by Resonance Frequency
In the present paper, lead zirconate titanate (PZT) and lead titanate (PT) piezoelectric ceramics were subjected to both high electric field (which is higher than the coercive electric field) with low frequency and low electric field with high frequency (which is the resonance frequency). After applying certain electric field systematically, resonance and anti-resonance frequencies and an electrostatic capacity were measured by means of an impedance analyzer, and an electromechanical coupling coefficient, a dielectric constant, an elastic coefficient and a piezoelectric constant were evaluated from the frequencies and capacity measured. Then variation of the material properties in process of time was investigated experimentally, and the dependence of the variation of the properties due to mainly domain switching on conditions of applied electric field was elucidated.
S.W. Nam, Y.W. Chang, S.B. Lee and N.J. Kim
M. Mizuno et al., "Variation of Material Properties of Piezoelectric Ceramics due to Electric Loading Evaluated by Resonance Frequency ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 345-346, pp. 1521-1524, 2007