High-Performance Ceramics V

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Authors: Jun Ting Luo, Qing Zhang, Hong Bo Li
Abstract: Si3N4-Si2N2O composites were fabricated with amorphous nano-sized silicon nitride powders by the liquid phase sintering. The mass loss, relative density and average grain size increase with increasing sintering temperature. The average grain size is less than 500nm when the sintering temperature is lower than 1700°C. Friction coefficient is from 0.35 for sintering temperature 1650°C to 0.74 for 1600°C when the composites were worn by silicon nitride bearing ball. High hardness of 21.5GPa and relative wear resistance of 32 were observed at a sintering temperature of 1600°C. The wear surface are very smooth and no grooving and subsurface fracture, which indicates that they are worn slightly.
Authors: Hong Li Liu, Wen Wu Zhong, Yang Wu Mao
Abstract: The SiOC foam ceramics were prepared using polyurethane sponge and polysiloxane as raw materials. The effects of the pyrolysis temperature, the concentration of polysiloxane solutions, and the content of SiC nano-powder on compression strength of the SiOC foam ceramics have been investigated respectively. The optimum compression strength of SiOC foam ceramics is obtained at the pyrolysis temperature of 1250°C and the concentration of solution PSO of 0.8 g/ml. Adding SiC nano-powder into PSO can effectively increase compression strength of samples, and the maximum compression strength, 20.8 MPa, is obtained when the content of SiC nano-powder is 5 wt%. Microstructural study reveals that the foam ceramics have an open, uniform and interconnected porous structure with high porosity of 80%.
Authors: Fei Wang
Abstract: The feasibility of synthesizing MgSiN2 powders through combustion synthesis process is demonstrated. A self-sustained combustion wave can be initiated with or without the addition of active diluent. The wave propagation resulted in a product with several secondary phases in addition to the main phase MgSiN2 when the combustion reaction was initiated without the addition of active diluent. As the active diluent was used in the reactant mixtures, the amounts of the secondary phases were decreased. The effect of active diluent addition on the phase composition and morphology of the final product was discussed. Furthermore, the use of MgSiN2 crystal seeds in the reactant mixtures was also investigated. It is found that the active diluent can facilitate the nitridation reaction. The experimental results showed that changing the experimental parameters such as the amount of active diluent and the MgSiN2 crystal seeds could optimize the fabrication of MgSiN2 powders through combustion synthesis process.
Authors: Laura Gottardo, Samuel Bernard, Marie Paule Berthet, Philippe Miele
Abstract: SiBCN microtubes were prepared for the first time by spinning a low molecular weight preceramic polymers of boron-modified polyvinylsilazanes into green fibers ~30 m in diameter which were subsequently thermolyzed under a nitrogen atmosphere. Hollow SiBCN ceramic fibers black colored, of flexible form, ~20 m in diameter and 0.8GPa in tensile strength were produced.
Authors: Wei Qing Li, Li Jun Zhou, Yong Nian Zhao
Abstract: Orthorhombic boron nitride film is prepared on Si(100) substrate by radio frequency plasma enhanced pulse (Nd:YAG) laser deposition (RF-PEPLD) in Ar-N2 gas system, assisted with substrate pulse negative bias -150v, substrate temperature of 500°C and deposition time of 30 minutes. The phase compositions of the film are characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, glancing-angle X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results show that high quality orthorhombic boron nitride film has been prepared. A layer structure growth mechanism of orthorhombic boron nitride phase upon RF-PEPLD is discussed in this paper. A thin layer h-BN [101] is deposited before depositing o-BN and h-BN mixed phase, then o-BN percentage composition of the BN film becomes creasing.
Authors: Ai Ju Zhang, Zhi Hong Li, Zi Cheng Li, Yu Mei Zhu
Abstract: In this paper microcrystalline CBN abrasives are prepared with CBN powders and vitrified bond additives by pressureless sintering method. Mechanical properties of the products are measured by using single particle compressive strength tester and three-point bending strength tester. The effects of vitrified bond additives, the CBN powders particle size and the sintering temperature on the performance of microcrystalline CBN abrasives are investigated. The microstructure characteristics of microcrystalline CBN abrasives are examined. The results showed that the performance and microstructure of microcrystalline CBN abrasives are significantly influenced by particle size of CBN powder and the addition amount of vitrified bond.
Authors: Tao Jiang, Zhi Hao Jin, Jian Feng Yang, Guan Jun Qiao
Abstract: The B4C/BN nanocomposites were fabricated by hot-pressing sintering of the B4C/BN nanocomposite powders at 1850oC for 1h under the pressure of 30MPa. The composite powders with the microstructure of B4C particles coated with nano-sized BN particles were prepared by the chemical reaction of H3BO3 and CO(NH2)2 on the surface of B4C particles at high temperature. The microstructure investigation of the nanocomposites sintered samples showed that the nano-sized h-BN particles were homogenously distributed in the B4C matrix. With the increasing content of h-BN, the density of the B4C/BN nanocomposites decreased gradually; the fracture strength and fracture toughness of the B4C/BN nanocomposites decreased gradually, the strength and toughness of the B4C/BN nanocomposites with the h-BN content of 10wt% and 20wt% achieved high values. The Vickers hardness of the B4C/BN nanocomposites decreased remarkably with the increasing content of h-BN, while the machinability of the B4C/BN nanocomposites was significantly improved. The B4C/BN nanocomposites with the h-BN content more than 20wt% exhibited excellent machinability.
Authors: Hai Yang Zhao, Wei Min Wang
Abstract: A series of samples of hexagonal boron nitride-aluminum nitride (10-90, 15-85, 20-80, 25-75, 30-70wt.%) ceramic composites were prepared by spark plasma sintering in a nitrogen atmosphere at 1650 °C-1800 °C for 5min. Different amounts of CaF2 were added as sintering aids. The effects of CaF2 and sintering temperature on densification and dielectric properties were discussed. The addition of CaF2 enhances relative dielectric constant and loss tangent of the samples. The increase in sintering temperature promotes the densification and decreases the dielectric loss tangent. When being sintered at 1700 °C, the relative density, dielectric constant and dielectric loss tangent of the sample with 15wt.%BN are 98.04%, 7.15 and 6.31×10-4 respectively.
Authors: Si Young Beck, Jung Won Lee, Myeong Woo Cho, Dong Sam Park, Ho Su Jang, Won Seung Cho
Abstract: In this study, micro patterns were formed on the developed AlN-hBN composites using powder blasting techniques, which have been considered as one of the most appropriate micro machining methods for hard and brittle materials such as ceramics. To achieve the objective, first, material properties of the developed AlN-hBN composites were evaluated according to the variation of h-BN contents. And, a series of required experiments were performed, and the results were analyzed. As the results, it was investigated that the machiniability of the developed AlN-hBN composites increased with the increase of the h-BN contents in the composites. From the experimental results, it was possible to determine optimum blasting conditions for micro pattern making on the developed AlN-hBN composites.
Authors: Si Young Beck, Bong Cheol Shin, Myeong Woo Cho, Eun Sang Lee, Dong Sam Park, Dae Jin Yun, Won Seung Cho
Abstract: In this study, the machining characteristics of developed AlN-hBN composites were investigated in the end-milling and precision lapping processes. To achieve the objectives, material properties of the developed AlN-hBN composites were evaluated according to the variation of hBN contents. And, required experimental works were performed to investigate the machining characteristics of the composites. First, the machiniability of the composite was evaluated in the end-milling process under various cutting conditions, such as spindle speed, feederate, and depth of cut variations. Also, generated micro cracks caused by the cutting process were investigated via SEM photographs. Next, precision lapping experiments were performed under various conditions, and the results were estimated.

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