A considerable test was made to figure out the effects of temperature and sliding conditions on the wear properties of the translucent Dy--Sialon. The friction coefficient was 0.54 at RT, 0.26 at 100 oC, and 0.81 at 600 oC respectively under an applied load of 5N. The wear rate was 6.91×10-15 at RT and 1.0×10-15 at 100 oC for the same Dy--Sialon sample. Obviously Dy-Sialon shows an excellent wear resistance under a suitable sliding condition, a load of 5N and at 100 oC. This appears attractive and important for Dy-Sialon ceramics to be used as a type of special wear resistant materials, with an optical translucence.