Stress Concentration Positions Determination of Ferromagnetic Material Based on Magnetic Test Method
The magnetic field of ferromagnetic components under service load and geomagnetic field increases is induced by the residual magnetic induction and spontaneous magnetization. The stress concentration positions can be determination by detecting the magnetic field and the fracture can be avoided. The magnetic intensities of the demagnetized samples are tested by metal magnetic memory test method. By tensile test, the relationship between the magnetic memory signals and tensile load is studied, and the metal magnetic memory characteristics of the demagnetized samples under condition that the load keeps a fixed value are obtained. The test result indicates that the magnetic intensities of the samples change greatly after demagnetized; the change of the magnetic intensity of each test point are much different with different tensile displacement; in the later period of hardening phase and necking phase, the magnetic intensity about the side of the stress concentration positions increases along with the increasing of tensile displacement, however that of the other side decreases, that is the gradient of Fracture position increases obviously. Basing on this result by testing the parts of components emphatically where the fatigue failure and breakdown appear easily, the abrupt accident can be avoided.
M.H Aliabadi, S. Abela, S. Baragetti, M. Guagliano and Han-Seung Lee
F. Y. Yu and J. C. Zhang, "Stress Concentration Positions Determination of Ferromagnetic Material Based on Magnetic Test Method", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 417-418, pp. 865-868, 2010