The heat source model and the heat input model were built by analyzing welding process. The rationalities of model were verified by finite element simulation. The method of prestressed welding was employed in order to reduce welding residual stress. The welding residual stress would be widely impacted by imposed prestress of 90% yield strength welding. At the same time the propagation of welding heat cracking in the heat-affected zone was properly controlled by prestressed welding.