Preparation of Barium Titanate Nanoparticles by Particle Growth Control
Barium titanate (BaTiO3) nanoparticles were prepared by a two-step thermal decomposition method using barium titanyl oxalate nanoparticles of size 30 nm with and without dry-jet milling. Dry-jet milled barium titanyl oxalate nanoparticles (BTO-B) were well-dispersed whereas those without the dry-jet milling procedure (BTO-A) were partially aggregated. A heat annealing of obtained BaTiO3 nanoparticles at the same temperature resulted in crystallite sizes of the BTO-A derived BaTiO3 nanoparticles much smaller than those of the BTO-B derived. A mesoscopic particle structure analysis of revealed much thinner surface cubic layer thickness of the BTO-B derived BaTiO3 nanoparticles compared with the BTO-A derived BaTiO3 nanoparticles. This indicated the particle growth rate to be the most important parameter for the surface cubic layer thickness determination. A relationship between the surface cubic layer thickness and the particle growth rate was investigated precisely in this study.
Shinobu Fujihara and Tadashi Takenaka
S. Kondo et al., "Preparation of Barium Titanate Nanoparticles by Particle Growth Control", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 445, pp. 171-174, 2010