Notch Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics of Austempered Ductile Irons
In this paper the fatigue characterization of an austempered ductile iron (ADI) is presented. The aim of the work is to provide design engineers involved in fatigue assessments with an engineering tool suitable to deal with notches of different severity. Classically, U-notches are divided into blunt notches and sharp notches. The former are characterized by large notch tip radii such that the high cycle fatigue strength is controlled by the elastic peak stress, i.e. by the elastic stress concentration factor. The latter are characterized by reduced notch tip radii such that the effective stress which controls the high cycle fatigue strength is significantly lower than the elastic peak stress and their behaviour become similar to that of a crack having the same length. Blunt notches are assessed according to the classical Notch Mechanics principles, while sharp notches are treated with the Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics approach. After presenting the classical Frost diagram which highlights the different fatigue behaviour of sharp and blunt notches, fatigue test results generated from notches of different severity are presented as well as a synthesis in a diagram able to account for short cracks/notches, long cracks, sharp notches and blunt notches.
Adel Nofal and Mohamed Waly
B. Atzori et al., "Notch Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics of Austempered Ductile Irons", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 457, pp. 181-186, 2011