Sintering of Silicon Carbide Ceramics with Co-Addition of Gadrinium Oxide and Silica and their Mechanical Properties
Effects of simultaneous addition of SiO2 and gadrinium oxide on densification of SiC ceramics were examined, and relation between microstructure and their mechanical properties were discussed. Total 11wt% of Gd2O3 and SiO2 were mixed with fine -SiC powder. The weight of Gd2O3 in (Gd2O3 + SiO2) were set as 0, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100%. The mixture was hot-pressed at 1950oC under 40 MPa applied pressure for 1 h. In the case of 40Gd2O3 and 80Gd2O3 compositions, the effect of sintering temperature from 1900 to 2000oC was also examined. The bulk density increased with increasing Gd2O3 content at the sintering temperature of 1950oC. Bending strength of the sintered bodies also improved with increasing Gd2O3 content generally, but at 40Gd2O3 composition, the maximum over ~800 MPa was observed. Young’s modulous, Vickers hardness and fracture toughness also increased with increasing Gd2O3 content. The distribution of grain boundary phase was not homogeneous. Evaporation of additives, mainly SiO2, caused non-homogeneous distribution of grain boundary phase between outside and inside of sintered bodies. High temperature bending strength of 80Gd2O3 specimen was superior than that of 40Gd2O3 specimen.
Takashi Goto, Yi-Bing Cheng and Takashi Akatsu
T. Yano et al., "Sintering of Silicon Carbide Ceramics with Co-Addition of Gadrinium Oxide and Silica and their Mechanical Properties", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 484, pp. 117-123, 2011