High concentrations of suspended particulate matter in reservoir waters directly affect the water treatment plants by occurring damages to the filters during the pretreatment. The objective of this project is to define the support that can be derived from the use of remote sensing techniques in order to determine the spatial variations of Total Suspended Solids (TSS) in Asprokremmos Dam in Paphos District in Cyprus. Such techniques have been successfully applied to the retrieval of TSS concentration and other water quality parameters in various geographical locations and environmental settings. This paper describes the results obtained by an existing running campaign in which in-situ spectroradiometric measurements and water sampling measurements of turbidity have been acquired at the study area. A GER-1500 field sperctro-radiometer equipped with a fibre optic probe is used to retrieve the spectral signatures of the Asprokremmos Dam and a portable turbidity meter is used for the determination of turbidity values. Ground-truth data based on the spectro-radiometric measurements were simulated to comply with the Landsat TM/ETM+ visible and infrared bands, so that identification of the ‘best-suited’ spectral region in which turbidity can be retrieved, was performed.