Quadruple Stacked Elliptical Supermirror Device for One Dimensional Neutron Focusing
Focusing neutron beam with wide wavelength range is an indispensable technique used to compensate for weak signals from tiny samples in various experiments using pulsed neutron beam generated from high intensity proton accelerator facilities, such as J-PARC. Aspherical supermirror device is one of the most effective optical devices for focusing neutron beam with wide wavelength range since it has no chromatic aberration. Stack of aspherical supermirror enables us to focus neutron beams with wide divergence. Thin mirrors with a millimeter thickness are required to minimize the absorption loss of incident neutron beams since the thickness of a mirror shadows the reflective area of the other mirrors. Previously, we developed a fabrication process of a precise millimeter-thick elliptical supermirror. This process consists of noncontact figuring by the numerically controlled local wet etching technique, the finishing of surface without degrading mirror shape by low-pressure polishing, and the ion beam sputter deposition of NiC/Ti multilayers on both sides of the mirror substrate to compensate for film stress. In this paper, we report fabrication of elliptical supermirror with a thickness of 1 mm and development of multiply-arranged neutron focusing mirror device using stacked 4 fabricated elliptical supermirror with a thickness of 1mm.
Tojiro Aoyama, Hideki Aoyama, Atsushi Matsubara, Hayato Yoshioka and Libo Zhou
M. Nagano et al., "Quadruple Stacked Elliptical Supermirror Device for One Dimensional Neutron Focusing", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 523-524, pp. 272-275, 2012