Advances in Materials Manufacturing Science and Technology

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Authors: P. Fu, A.D. Hope, G.A. King
Abstract: Metal cutting operations constitute a large percentage of the manufacturing activity. One of the most important objectives of metal cutting research is to develop techniques that enable optimal utilization of machine tools, improved production efficiency, high machining accuracy and reduced machine downtime and tooling costs. Machining process condition monitoring is certainly the important monitoring requirement of unintended machining operations. A multi-purpose intelligent tool condition monitoring technique for metal cutting process will be introduced in this paper. The knowledge based intelligent pattern recognition algorithm is mainly composed of a fuzzy feature filter and algebraic neurofuzzy networks. It can carry out the fusion of multi-sensor information to enable the proposed intelligent architecture to recognize the tool condition successfully.
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Authors: Pu Qing Chen, Wei Xia, Zhao Yao Zhou, Wei Ping Chen, Yuan Yuan Li
Abstract: Metal cutting operations constitute a large percentage of the manufacturing activity. One of the most important objectives of metal cutting research is to develop techniques that enable optimal utilization of machine tools, improved production efficiency, high machining accuracy and reduced machine downtime and tooling costs. Machining process condition monitoring is certainly the important monitoring requirement of unintended machining operations. A multi-purpose intelligent tool condition monitoring technique for metal cutting process will be introduced in this paper. The knowledge based intelligent pattern recognition algorithm is mainly composed of a fuzzy feature filter and algebraic neurofuzzy networks. It can carry out the fusion of multi-sensor information to enable the proposed intelligent architecture to recognize the tool condition successfully.
201
Authors: Zong Wei Niu, Jian Hua Zhang, Sheng Feng Ren, Li Li, Min Gang Xu
Abstract: Theory calculation result indicates that the maximal critical content of SiCw in hydroxyapatite-SiCw composite bioceramics is 23.7%. Hydroxyapatite-SiCw composite micropowder was synthesized using in-situ composite method, and hydroxyapatite-SiCw composite bioceramics with different content of SiCw were produced by hot pressing sintering method. The microstructures of the materials were analyzed by SEM, and the mechanical properties were tested. The results show that the mechanical properties of composite material are the best when the whisker content is 20~23.7%.
206
Authors: Zhen Jia Li, Yao Nan Cheng, Guang Yu Tan, S.Y. Ning, Z.G. Wang
Abstract: Based on the milling force testing system, we have experimented with the waved-edge milling insert and the great milling insert developed by Harbin University of Science and Technology, the American Metal milling insert, the ISCAR hackle milling insert and the flat milling insert, and then compare the insert milling capability of various grooves milling inserts. We have discussed the dynamic milling force under the incontinuous cutting condition, especially the characteristic of time and frequency. Based on the power spectrum analysis of the five types of milling inserts, we have found that the insert whose groove is formed from the curve or curly plane of the period function has an advantage on minishing the milling force and resisting to vibration. The right insert geometry parameters have great effect on improving the cutting capability. By the power spectrum analysis, we found that the complex 3-D grooves milling insert is superior to the flat milling insert on minishing milling force and vibration. The analysis result proves that using power spectrum analysis in groove optimization is viable.
211
Authors: Z.Y. Xi, Chang Hou Lu, Jian Chuan Zhang
Abstract: This paper will be devoted to build a mathematical model of this kind based on the computer-controlled AC servo feed system of a common XY worktable. First, a practical AC servo worktable system is analyzed and its linear theoretical mathematical model is given. Second, the parameter in this model is identified in terms of the actual measured output data and reference signal by using an ARX model by using RLS identification method. Then, by using servo “simulation” techniques, a very accurate model of the servo drive can be constructed. Based on this model, it is possible to observe the effect on performance by changing the factors such as backlash, friction, servo-loop gains. Hence, a deep understanding of dynamics of the computer-controlled AC servo feed system of a common XY worktable is obtained. It is expected that this paper will lay reliable foundation for the further work—friction compensation, so that the precision of the system will be improved in the end.
216
Authors: Jian Xin Deng, Tong Kun Cao, Jia Lin Sun
Abstract: Al2O3/TiC ceramic tool materials with the addition of solid lubricants such as BN and CaF2 were produced by hot pressing. Effect of the solid lubricants on the microstructure and mechanical properties has been studied. Results showed that AlN phase resulted from the reaction of Al2O3 with BN was formed in Al2O3/TiC/BN composite after sintering. Significant micro-cracks resulted from the residual stress owing to the difference in the thermal expansion coefficient were found on the polished surface, and caused large mechanical properties degradation. While Al2O3/TiC/CaF2 composite showed higher flexural strength, fracture toughness, and hardness compared with that of Al2O3/TiC/BN composite owing its porosity absent and finer microstructure.
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Authors: Yuan Yuan Li, Yan Long, Xue Qin Li, Wei Ping Chen, Wei Xia
Abstract: Iron powders were successfully consolidated by a Pulse Electric Current Sintering (PECS) process in a short heating duration of 6 min. Microstructure and chemical composition of the sintered samples were studied by an optical microscope, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). Experimental results showed that both the densification of powders and inter-diffusion between elements were accelerated by increasing of the pulse peak. No noticeable grain growth was observed in the sintered samples. When the peak of pulse current increased, the density and transverse rupture strength of the sintered samples were improved.
225
Authors: Hang Gao, K. Zhao, Y. Lu
Abstract: Taking the three-dimensional CAD software Solidworks as developing platform and with the help of its powerful OLE technical support offered, the mathematical model of involute curved surface of bevel gear is established and the 3-D parameterized design and analyzing system for involute gear parts is developed in the paper. By inputting necessary variables on the interface of the gear design system an accurate 3-D parameterized geometric entity of involute gear can be automatically created. In the design system a kind of method called template technique is developed to realize the conversion of a gear part from 3-D geometric entity to corresponding 2-D standard engineering drawing and the marking of necessary design technical requests and parameters on the engineering drawing automatically, which offsets the lack that current three-dimensional CAD software can not automatically create standard two-dimensional CAD engineering drawing. Also the gear strength checkout program module is developed which is helpful to greatly improve design efficiency of involute gear parts.
230
Authors: Zhao Liang Jiang, Zheng Qiang Li, Chuan Zhen Huang, Shi Hong Feng
Abstract: Based on the integration research, one multi-dimension integrated mode of CAPP and PDM was proposed including the integration of knowledge store dimension, knowledge transfer dimension and knowledge application dimension. In the integration of knowledge application dimension, an innovated integration method named key control function module was proposed. In knowledge transfer dimension integration, a recursive model of task and workflow between CAPP and PDM was made. In knowledge store dimension integration, the federal database and the virtual federal database was described.
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Authors: Bang Yan Ye, Jin Xu, Xiao Chu Liu, Yan Ming Quan
Abstract: In this article, the micro-topography and texture characteristics of machined surface under the condition of high speed cutting are analyzed based on experimental observation. The forming process of machined surface and cause of the appearance are also discussed. The experimental results show that furrow and ridges, surface white layer and molten metal daub by the feed motion of cutting tool are found on machined surface due to the effect of high cutting temperature and rotating of workpiece in high speed turning process.
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