Microstructural Development of SiC Ceramics by Liquid-Phase Sintering with Spark Plasma Sintering Technique
Sub-micron and nano-sized β-SiC powders were sintered with AlN and Y2O3 as sintering additives by spark plasma sintering (SPS). The sintered densities reached >95% of theoretical with a different molar ratio of AlN to Y2O3 at total amount of 10vol% and temperature of 1900oC for 10min in N2 atmosphere under a pressure of 30MPa. With increasing amount of the AlN additive, the size of SiC grains decreased and the shape changed from globular to columnar. The fully densified SiC at AlN:Y2O3=95:5mol% had an average grain size of 0.5-1µm and 50-100nm in diameter by using sub-micron and nano-sized SiC starting powders, respectively. Flexural strength of the specimen having grain size of 0.5-1µm was approximately 1200MPa at room temperature.
Hyung Sun Kim, Yu Bao Li and Soo Wohn Lee
M. Hotta and J. Hojo, "Microstructural Development of SiC Ceramics by Liquid-Phase Sintering with Spark Plasma Sintering Technique", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 510-511, pp. 1022-1025, 2006