Effect of Hot-Extrusion Conditions on Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of P/M Al-Zn-Mg-Cu Alloys Containing Zr
The effect of extrusion rate and ratio on the Al3Zr induced dynamic recrystallization (DRX) that occurs during hot extrusion of RS-P/M Al-Zn-Mg-Cu-Zr alloys was investigated. An increase in the logarithm of extrusion rate promoted DRX and lead to a monotonic increase in the number of fine grains. Although DRX was also promoted and the grain size reduced by an increase in extrusion ratio from 10 to 20, the DRX behavior hardly changed, even when the extrusion ratio exceeded 20. However, with increasing extrusion ratio, the width of fibrous grain, i.e., the unrecrystallized region, decreased and the tensile strength increased to 879 MPa. When the extrusion rate and ratio exceeded 54 mm/min and 20, respectively, a marked grain coarsening occurred upon solution treatment, and the tensile strength tended to decrease, because of the high dislocation density induced by hot extrusion. By annealing at 563 K before solution treatment, it was possible to prevent grain coarsening, and thus prevent the strength decrease.
W.J. Poole, M.A. Wells and D.J. Lloyd
H. Adachi, K. Osamura, J. Kusui, S. Okaniwa, "Effect of Hot-Extrusion Conditions on Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of P/M Al-Zn-Mg-Cu Alloys Containing Zr", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 519-521, pp. 1479-1484, 2006