Grain-Growth Phenomena in ZnO-Based Ceramics
Grain growth in ZnO ceramics doped with 0.01 and 0.02 mol.% Bi2O3 and Sb2O3 in amounts appropriate for Sb2O3/Bi2O3 ratios of 0.8, 1.0 and 1.2, sintered at 1200oC for 2 and 10 hours, was investigated. Grain growth is promoted by a sufficient amount of the Bi2O3 liquid phase at the grain boundaries and also by the presence of IBs in the ZnO grains. While the doping of ZnO with such small amounts of Bi2O3 caused the exaggerated growth of some grains, the addition of Sb2O3 resulted, via the IBs-induced grain-growth mechanism, in uniform grain growth and the presence of IBs in most of the ZnO grains. The formation of the pyrochlore phase bounds the Bi2O3 and Sb2O3, which affects, depending on the Sb2O3/Bi2O3 ratio, the occurrence of the Bi2O3 liquid phase and also the amount of available Sb2O3 for the nucleation of IBs in the ZnO grains during the early stages of sintering. As a result, it influences the grain growth.
S.-J.L. Kang, M.Y. Huh, N.M. Hwang, H. Homma, K. Ushioda and Y. Ikuhara
S. Bernik et al., "Grain-Growth Phenomena in ZnO-Based Ceramics", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 558-559, pp. 857-862, 2007