Synthesis of Potassium Titanate Fibers for Friction Materials
Potassium hexa and octatitanate fibers have been proposed as reinforcement for friction materials. The aim of this work was to establish a calcination route to produce these fibers, using commercial anatase and potassium carbonate powders. These powders were dry mixed with TiO2/K2O molar ratio, n, of 3.0, 3.5, and 4.0, and then calcined at 950, 1050, and 1150°C for 3 h. Calcined powders were milled, washed in warm water with different pHs, and heat treated to crystallize the fibers. The best conditions to growth long fibers were n=3.0 and 1050°C, in the twofase field (liquid + K2Ti4O9). Controlled ion-exchange with water removed K+ ions from K2Ti4O9 fibers resulting in potassium hexa or octatitanate fibers after the second heat-treatment. Fibers with sub-micrometer thickness (~0.6 μm) and average length of ~20 μm could be prepared.
Lucio Salgado and Francisco Ambrozio Filho
H.N. Yoshimura et al., "Synthesis of Potassium Titanate Fibers for Friction Materials", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 591-593, pp. 755-759, 2008