Accumulative Roll Bonding (ARB) is a severe plastic deformation technique for producing ultra-fine grain structures in sheet metal. In this investigation, the through-thickness shear strain distribution during single pass rolling of roll-bonded aluminium sheets was monitored via the deflection of an embedded scratch on the through-thickness, pre-polished surface of the material. It was found that, near the sheet surface and at its mid-thickness, rolling generated severe and moderate shearing, respectively. Such shearing was found to have a strong influence on the microstructure and crystallographic texture of the material, which was eliminated during subsequent rolling cycles. Compared to the core of a given rolled layer, both the microstructure and texture at the interface of the layers was inhomogeneous.