Investigating the Properties of Machinable Ceramics SiC/C(Graphite) Prepared by Plasma Activated Sintering
Machinable SiC/graphite composites were fabricated by Plasma Activated Sintering (PAS), which characterized by high heating rate, short time sintering and high efficiency process. The staring powder mixture included SiC, graphite power and a few sintering aids. They were sintered by PAS under 30 MPa Pressure in vacuum at 1500°C and 1550°C, respectively. The density, bending strength and hardness were measured. The phase and the microstructure of the composites were also investigated. The results indicated that the relative density of SiC/C(graphite) composite sintered at 1550°C was more than 99.5%, the bending strength was 336.6MPa, but surface Vickers hardness was 5.8GPa far lower than SiC ceramics. The machinability of SiC/Graphite sintered by PAS in 1500°C was good because the continuous weak microstructure played a crucial role in the machining process, including a lot of weak interface between the grains of SiC and graphite partials and nearly 20vol% pores in the composite ceramics.
Hyungsun Kim, JienFeng Yang, Tohru Sekino and Soo Wohn Lee
H. W. Li et al., "Investigating the Properties of Machinable Ceramics SiC/C(Graphite) Prepared by Plasma Activated Sintering", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 620-622, pp. 403-406, 2009