Improvement in Drawability (r Value) of an Aluminum Alloy Subjected to Groove Pressing
There is increasing interest in using Al alloy sheets for auto body applications. However Al alloys exhibit poor drawability as indicated by low values of the normal anisotropy, rm. Techniques for improving the value of rm rely on developing a favourable shear texture in the sheet. In this study, Al alloy AA 6061 sheets of dimensions 225 mm x 200 mm and 1 mm thick were subjected to severe plastic deformation by repeated groove pressing using a set of grooved and flat dies alternatively. The orientation of the grooves with respect to the rolling direction was also varied. Microstructure characterization and mechanical property measurements were carried out. X- ray diffraction scans were carried out to measure the relative intensities of the (111) and (200) peaks. The r values was measured as per ASTM standard E 517 on strip specimens cut at 0°, 45° and 90° to the rolling direction and the normal anisotropy value (rm) and planar anisotropy value (Δr) values were determined. The limiting drawing ratio (LDR) was determined using the Swift cupping test techniques. It was observed that the rm values increased from 0.72 in the as received condition to a maximum of 0.94 and the LDR increased from 1.93 to 2.06 when the groove pressing was carried out with grooves at to 45° the rolling direction. The improvement in rm values can be correlated to the texture developing in the sheet as a result of severe plastic deformation.
T. Chandra, N. Wanderka, W. Reimers , M. Ionescu
G. Niranjan and C. Uday, "Improvement in Drawability (r Value) of an Aluminum Alloy Subjected to Groove Pressing", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 638-642, pp. 1911-1916, 2010