Substantial differences – mainly in plasticity – were found based on statistical analysis of hot rolled bars mechanical properties. Investigations presented in the paper were related to the possibility of modification of continuous bar mills used now in order to improve and stabilise plastic properties determined by the energy of breaking. The paper presents results of laboratory investigations representing processes of conventional and normalising rolling of bars from S355 steel. The experimental analysis of both rolling processes comprised assessment of actual changes occurring in the microstructure of bars, deformed acc. to suggested parameters corresponding to conventional and normalising rolling. The investigations included also the assessment of accelerated cooling after rolling influence on the microstructure of finished products.