Phase Alignment Based on Crystal Orientation In Mn-Sb and Al-Ni Alloys Induced by High Magnetic Fields
Those materials with an one dimensional phase-aligned structure have a large amount of potentiality as engineering materials because of their exceptional optical, electrical and anisotropically mechanical properties. Many researchers are now working determinedly to explore the methods for fabricating this kind of material. Recently, high magnetic fields have been used to fabricate non-magnetic materials with textured structure where anisotropic magnetic energy should be strong enough to induce preferred crystal orientation. Based on this mechanism, we developed an in situ process for fabricating phase-aligned composites using high magnetic fields. In this work, hypoeutectic Mn-Sb and hypereutectic Al-Ni alloys were solidified in various magnetic fields. The primary MnSb dendrites in the solidified Mn-Sb alloys were found to be macrostructurally aligned along the field direction, while the primary Al3Ni phases in the Al-Ni alloys were found to be macrostructurally aligned perpendicular to the field direction. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurement results suggested that these two phases were also oriented by the magnetic field. It was believed that the above-mentioned alignment is based on the crystal orientation and relevant to the heat flux direction, the preferred growth direction and the concentration field around crystallized crystals.
T. Chandra, N. Wanderka, W. Reimers , M. Ionescu
Q. Wang et al., "Phase Alignment Based on Crystal Orientation In Mn-Sb and Al-Ni Alloys Induced by High Magnetic Fields", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 638-642, pp. 2805-2810, 2010