Effects of Nb, V, Ti and Al on Recrystallisation/Precipitation Interaction in Microalloyed Steels
Recrystallisation/precipitation interaction in four steels having Nb, V, Ti, and Al, respectively, as microalloying elements has been studied by means of hot torsion tests. Remarkable differences were found in the results obtained for each steel. Nb and V-microalloyed steels presented long inhibition plateaus, but the steel with Al displayed a very short plateau. Finally the steel with Ti did not show plateau. This means that Nb and V precipitates (nitrides and carbides) can inhibit the static recrystallization but this does not happen for Al and Ti (which form nitrides). The difference between activation energies allows to predict the efficiency of different precipitates to strengthen the austenite during hot rolling. RPTT diagrams showed the interaction between both phenomena, along with the strain induced precipitation kinetics and precipitate coarsening. It is found that AlN particles nucleate and grow faster than NbCN or VN.
T. Chandra, N. Wanderka, W. Reimers , M. Ionescu
M. Gómez et al., "Effects of Nb, V, Ti and Al on Recrystallisation/Precipitation Interaction in Microalloyed Steels", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 638-642, pp. 3388-3393, 2010