High Temperature Characteristics of Unidirectionally Solidified Eutectic Ceramic Composites and some Potential Applications
We have recently developed ceramic eutectics, which are named Melt Growth Composites (MGCs). The binary MGCs (Al2O3/YAG and Al2O3/GAP binary systems) have a novel microstructure, in which continuous networks of single-crystal Al2O3 phases and single-crystal oxide compounds (YAG or GAP) interpenetrate without grain boundaries. To characterize the entangled structure of the typical MGCs, the X-ray computerized tomography (micro X-ray CT) was performed at a synchrotron radiation facility Spring8. The micro X-ray CT showed that the Al2O3 and the GAP are entangled with each other. Therefore, the MGCs have excellent high-temperature strength characteristics, creep resistance, superior oxidation resistance and thermal stability in the air atmosphere at very high temperatures. To achieve higher thermal efficiency for gas turbine systems, MGC bowed stacking nozzle vanes have been fabricated on an experimental basis.
T. Chandra, N. Wanderka, W. Reimers , M. Ionescu
Y. Waku and H. Yasuda, "High Temperature Characteristics of Unidirectionally Solidified Eutectic Ceramic Composites and some Potential Applications", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 638-642, pp. 997-1002, 2010