Phase Structure and Hydrogen Storage Characterization of the As-Cast Mg-10Ni-2Mm Alloy
The microstructural revolution of non-hydrogenated and hydrogenated Mg-based Mg-10Ni-2Mm alloy was studied. PCT and H-absorption/desorption kinetics were performed to evaluate the hydrogen storage properties. Storage capacities of 4.75, 5.03 and 5.27wt.%H for the alloy were obtained at 300, 325 and 350°C, respectively. The phases in the hydrogenated samples are mainly MgH2 and Mg2NiH4. Two absorption/desorption plateau existed in the PCT curves at each isothermal temperature. The values of ΔH and ΔS of the Mg2NiH4-formation was respectively -61.5 kJ/mol H2 and -118.6 J/mol H2 K which is lower compared with literature values. The kinetics of the H-absorption/desorption reactions for the alloy was improved by increasing the temperature. The alloy at 350°C showed the best kinetics performance of the H-absorption/desorption among the three temperatures. It is suggested that metallic particles and Mm may be mainly responsible for the improvement of the H-absorption/desorption kinetics, and Ni for the enhancement of hydrogen absorption capacity of the alloys.
Yafang Han, Tianmin Wang and Shaoxiong Zhou
N. Xing et al., "Phase Structure and Hydrogen Storage Characterization of the As-Cast Mg-10Ni-2Mm Alloy", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 650, pp. 150-156, 2010